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Second Generation in Europe and education Print
Migration Information Source features an article by Maurice Crul, University of Amsterdam, which summarizes the findings of an international study on the educational success of the second generation of Turkish descendents.

Across Europe, there are wide disparities in the educational achievements of second-generation immigrants. This is revealed by a case study of vocational track pupils with Turkish parents in five European countries (Germany, Austria, The Netherlands, Belgium and France). The study examines three meaningful indicators of success: the children’s educational tracks, drop-out rates and transition to the labour market.

Comparing these countries shows the importance of institutional standards, such as the number of contact hours with teachers, the selection age for the level of secondary schooling and the age at which children start school. For example, Germany, Austria and the Netherlands have a relatively high rate of Turkish pupils in vocational education compared to Belgium and France. In these three countries, children start school later, have fewer hours of face-to-face teaching and are selected at an earlier age. Another important indicator of success is the number of children who leave school without a secondary education diploma. France, the Netherlands and Belgium have far higher drop-out rates than Germany and Austria.

It is suggested that the age at which pupils receive their diploma, as well as the balance between practical and theoretical learning explain the gap in drop-out rates. A strong, well-established apprenticeship system helps to smoothe the pupils’ transition to the labour market. In countries with an apprenticeship system, such as Germany and Austria, unemployment among the Turkish second generation is much lower than in countries without such a system, such as France. Nevertheless, discrimination makes it difficult for Turkish young people to find good apprenticeship positions with prospects for future work. This is an issue that needs to be addressed at both national and local level.

Read the full article at www.migrationinformation.org.

(Source: EUKN) 

Last Updated ( Friday, 05 September 2008 )
 

Project supported by funding under the European Union's Sixth Research Framework Programme - Coordinated by IRIS e.V.

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