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Citizenship Print
Citizenship can be considered as a form of inclusion in a community, more often a nation, both as belonging community and as political community.

This concept refers to the relation between the individual and the state and the relation between citizens. It implies a range of rights which are variable in time and space: civil, political and social rights can be considered as the core of citizenship.

However, citizenship must keep a political specificity; it cannot be extended to the whole sociability. Citizenship is linked to the development of public spaces, understood as deliberation and participation spaces for the decision making process. Thus, citizenship suggests that people are socially included and able to participate.

The importance of identity toward citizenship is increasingly recognised. Like other identities, citizenship is constructed and evolves. Regarding youth citizenship, it implies to take into account young people’s perceptions of rights and responsibilities, their conceptions of a ‘good’ and a ‘bad’ citizen or of a ‘first class’ and a ‘second class’ citizen. As far as they are concerned, the question of citizenship raises a number of important questions such as: when can young people be considered as full citizens? Which are the specificities of the relationship between young migrants and citizenship? Which obstacles do young people and in particular young migrants encounter in their access to citizenship? (PL)

Gore, Charles (1995) "Introduction: Markets, citizenship and social exclusion", in Rogers, Garry, Gore, Charles & Figueiredo, José B. (eds), Social Exclusion: Rhetoric, Reality, Responses, Geneva, International Institute for Labour Studies, International Labour Organisation,.
Jones Emma & Gaventa, John (2002) Concepts of Citizenship, A Review, Brighton: Institute for Development Studies.
Lister, Ruth, Smith, Noel, Middleton, Sue & Cox, Lynne (2005) Young people and citizenship, in: Barry, Monica (ed.) Youth policy and social inclusion: critical debate with young people, London: Routledge, pp. 33-51.


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Last Updated ( Monday, 22 May 2006 )

Project supported by funding under the European Union's Sixth Research Framework Programme - Coordinated by IRIS e.V.

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