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Social Exclusion/Inclusion Print
The European Commission defines ‘social exclusion’ as the multiple and changing factors which result in people being excluded from the normal exchanges, practices and rights of modern society.

This multidimensional process of accumulation of handicaps can lead, among other things, to be at odds with social ties. Symmetrically, ‘social inclusion’ is defined as people’s capability to fully participate in both economic and social contexts. It implies gaining the rights and obligation of society and having them recognised.

For young people in transition, social inclusion involves the generation of diverse forms of resources (social, human, economic, material and symbolic), of various forms of social ties and heterogeneous networks and it does not refer only to professional inclusion or academic education.

Social inclusion/exclusion are contextualized concepts which cannot be reduced to a substantialistic definition. Regarding the issue of transitions, they imply normative, constructed and relative ideas about social forms of inclusion/exclusion in a society which even shape the individual experience. Thus, they strongly relate to the respective transition regime context. (PL)



Commission of the European Communities (1993) Background Report: Social exclusion - poverty and other social problems in the European Community, ISEC/B11/93, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
Mannion G (2005) Education and learning for social inclusion, in: Barry, Monica (ed.) Youth policy and social inclusion: critical debate with young people, London: Routledge, pp. 73-93.
Social Inclusion: Local partnerships with civil society, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin, Foundation paper No. 4, December 2003


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Last Updated ( Monday, 22 May 2006 )

Project supported by funding under the European Union's Sixth Research Framework Programme - Coordinated by IRIS e.V.

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