Welcome to UP2YOUTH: Youth - actor of social change

Disadvantage Print

Youth transitions are structured by social inequality. Education and class, gender and ethnicity impact the career options available for a young person who has to cope with transition-related demands. As social integration, disadvantage has to be understood in terms of structure and agency referring to constellations of disadvantage rather than to problem groups.

In different transition regimes, social inclusion, social exclusion and transition problems are either addressed structurally or individually which is reflected in different policy measures (see public policy). Either young people are seen as disadvantaged because their transitions are affected by segmented labour markets and policies aiming at making structures of education and labour markets appropriate for the management of diversity. Or young people’s transition problems are explained as a consequence of education and socialisation deficits. In that case policies aim at the compensation of individual deficits. (AW)



MacDonald, R. & Marsh, J. (2001) Disconnected Youth? Journal of Youth Studies, Vol. 4, No 4, pp. 373-391.

Walther, A. & Pohl, A. (2005) Thematic Study on Policy Measures concerning Disadvantaged Youth. Final Report. Download from http://www.iris-egris.de/projekte/disyouth/english.phtml

Walther, Andreas; Stauber, Barbara; Biggart, Andy; du Bois-Reymond, Manuela et al. (eds.) (20002) Misleading Trajectories. Integration policies for young adults in Europe? Opladen: Leske +Budrich.


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Last Updated ( Monday, 22 May 2006 )

Project supported by funding under the European Union's Sixth Research Framework Programme - Coordinated by IRIS e.V.

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